What Is A Mixed Reality Headset

Mixed reality headsets have recently gained attention as a promising technology that combines the immersive experience of virtual reality (VR) with the interactive elements of augmented reality (AR).

These headsets offer a unique blend of digital content and real-world environments, enabling users to interact with both at the same time. With advancements in display technologies and motion tracking systems, mixed reality is poised to offer exciting new opportunities for consumers and businesses alike.

As opposed to traditional VR headsets, which fully envelop users in a virtual environment, mixed reality devices overlay digital information and objects onto the user’s physical surroundings. This creates a more seamless experience, blending the virtual and physical worlds together in a convincing manner.

Key players in the technology industry, such as Apple and Meta, have been exploring the potential of mixed reality headsets, and it is expected that their offerings will greatly contribute to the growth of this market segment.

The increasing interest in mixed reality headsets can be attributed to various factors, including the rising demand for immersive and engaging experiences in gaming, entertainment, and professional sectors.

With greater connectivity through emerging technologies such as 5G, experts predict a bright future for mixed reality solutions. However, as this technology continues to evolve, it remains to be seen how consumers will adopt and integrate mixed reality headsets into their daily lives.

Understanding Mixed Reality

Mixed reality (MR) is an advanced technology that merges the real world with virtual elements, providing an immersive experience for users. It represents a blend of augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR), thus offering more interactive and engaging experiences than either technology alone.

In this section, we will explore the differences between AR, VR, and MR, as well as the main components that make up a mixed reality headset.

Difference Between AR, VR, and MR

Augmented Reality (AR) overlays digital information onto the user’s real-world environment. By doing so, it enhances the users’ perception of reality without completely replacing it. Examples of AR include smartphone apps like Pokémon Go and Snapchat filters.

Virtual Reality (VR), on the other hand, immerses the user in a fully artificial digital environment using a headset. This means that the user is disconnected from the physical world and can interact with the virtual world using handheld controllers or gestures.

Mixed Reality (MR) combines elements of both AR and VR, which means that it overlays virtual objects onto the user’s real-world environment, but also allows the user to interact with these objects. MR headsets, such as the Windows Mixed Reality devices, use sensors and cameras to track physical surroundings and include these elements in the virtual world.

Main Components of MR

A mixed reality headset typically has the following components:

  1. Sensors and Cameras: These are responsible for monitoring the user’s environment and tracking their movements in real-time.
  2. Display: The display projects computer-generated images or virtual objects onto the user’s field of view. These displays can use a variety of technologies such as LED or OLED screens.
  3. 3D Audio: MR headsets incorporate spatial audio technology to provide users with a sense of depth and direction, creating a more immersive experience.
  4. Controllers: These devices allow the user to interact with the virtual objects within the mixed reality environment. Some MR headsets utilise handheld controllers, while others use gesture recognition or voice commands.

In conclusion, mixed reality is an innovative technology that encompasses the best of both augmented reality and virtual reality.

MR headsets combine physical and virtual elements to create engaging, immersive experiences that hold great potential for various applications, from entertainment and gaming to education and professional training.

How a Mixed Reality Headset Works

Mixed reality headsets combine the virtual and real worlds, creating an immersive experience for the user. In this section, we will explore how these headsets function, focusing on three key components: tracking systems, display technology, and interaction modes.

Tracking Systems

Tracking systems in a mixed reality headset are responsible for monitoring the user’s movements and updating the display accordingly. These systems usually consist of sensors that detect movement and orientation, such as accelerometers and gyroscopes.

Some mixed reality headsets, like the Microsoft HoloLens, also incorporate cameras for tracking the user’s environment and mapping their position in the real world.

Display Technology

The display technology in mixed reality headsets is crucial for creating a seamless experience between the virtual and real worlds. These headsets typically use one of two types of displays:

  • OLED (Organic Light Emitting Diode) displays: These displays provide high-quality images with vibrant colours and deep blacks, as well as faster refresh rates. This ensures smoother and more realistic visuals.
  • LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) panels: LCD panels offer a lower-cost alternative to OLED displays, but may have lower contrast and colour accuracy. However, recent advances in LCD panel technology have improved these aspects, making them more suitable for mixed reality applications.

In addition to the display panels, the headsets use lenses to focus and direct the images into the user’s eyes. This creates the effect of objects appearing at varying distances, providing a sense of depth and immersion.

Interaction Modes

Mixed reality headsets offer different modes of interaction, allowing users to engage with the virtual world in various ways. Some common interaction modes include:

  • Hand gestures: Users can perform hand gestures in front of the headset’s sensors to interact with virtual objects. This can be as simple as pointing or grabbing, or more complex actions like pinching and rotating.
  • Voice commands: Headsets equipped with microphones can detect and process voice commands, enabling users to control the virtual environment and perform actions with simple spoken instructions.
  • Motion controllers: Some headsets also support dedicated motion controllers, which can replicate the user’s hand movements in the virtual world, allowing for more precise and intuitive interaction.

Overall, mixed reality headsets provide a sophisticated blend of tracking, display, and interaction technologies to create a compelling and immersive experience for the user.

Popular Mixed Reality Headsets

Mixed reality headsets aim to combine the best of both augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR), creating digital objects that users can interact with over the real world.

These devices are becoming increasingly popular, with several key players emerging on the mixed reality market scene.

Microsoft HoloLens

The Microsoft HoloLens is a pioneering mixed reality headset that uses holographic overlays to provide an immersive experience. The device is available in two versions, the HoloLens and the HoloLens 2, which offers an upgraded experience with additional features and improvements. Some highlights include:

  • Two 1440 x 1440-pixel LCD screens, one for each eye, providing a 95-degree field of view
  • Advanced eye and face tracking
  • Spatial audio technology for realistic sound effects
  • Compatibility with Windows Mixed Reality applications and games

Microsoft’s HoloLens has garnered significant attention for its potential applications in fields such as healthcare, architecture, and education. The powerful mixed reality experience afforded by the HoloLens has made it a popular option for both professionals and enthusiasts alike.

Magic Leap One

Another significant player in the mixed reality headset space is the Magic Leap One. This device is designed to provide a comfortable and immersive experience by using spatial computing technology. The Magic Leap One offers several notable features, such as:

  • A lightweight and ergonomic design
  • A powerful light-field processing unit
  • A 6DoF (Degrees of Freedom) controller for intuitive interaction with digital objects
  • Compatibility with a wide range of applications, from gaming to productivity tools

The Magic Leap One has garnered praise for the level of realism and immersion provided by its mixed reality experience. This device offers a promising glimpse into the future of spatial computing and how it could revolutionise various industries, from entertainment to healthcare.

Both the Microsoft HoloLens and the Magic Leap One have contributed significantly to advancing mixed reality technology. As this sector continues to grow and develop, it is highly likely we will see even more impressive and innovative devices emerge in the near future.

Applications and Use Cases

Gaming and Entertainment

Mixed reality headsets open up a whole new world of possibilities in the gaming and entertainment industries. These devices enable users to experience games and content in a more immersive fashion, blending the physical and digital worlds.

Players can interact with digitally-rendered objects and characters in a 3D environment, creating a more engaging experience overall.

Developers have also begun to explore the potential for creating live events and experiences using mixed reality technology. Concerts, theme park attractions, and interactive storytelling can be taken to a new level, offering a heightened sense of immersion.

Education and Training

Mixed reality can significantly impact the field of education and training, making learning more interactive and engaging for students. By using a HoloLens 2 headset, for example, educators can create interactive lessons that bring subjects to life and facilitate better understanding.

Students can view and manipulate 3D models of complex structures, such as molecular compounds or historical artefacts, offering a more comprehensive understanding of the subject matter.

Additionally, mixed reality can be employed to create realistic training simulations for various professions, including military, medical, and emergency response personnel, providing hands-on experience in a safe, controlled environment.


The healthcare industry can greatly benefit from mixed reality technology. Medical professionals can use these headsets for advanced visualisation and surgical planning, allowing them to create 3D models of patient anatomy and map out surgical procedures more accurately.

This ability can lead to improved precision during surgeries, potentially reducing complications and improving patient outcomes.

Furthermore, mixed reality can be utilised for patient education and rehabilitation. For instance, physical therapists can create personalised, immersive exercise programmes to help patients recover from injuries more efficiently.

Medical students and professionals can also use mixed reality to simulate various medical procedures, allowing them to practice and refine their skills without risk to patients.

Overall, mixed reality headsets hold immense potential for transforming various industries with enhanced immersion and interactivity, opening up exciting new possibilities in gaming and entertainment, education and training, and healthcare.

Future of Mixed Reality Headsets

Mixed reality headsets are wearable computing devices that blend aspects of both virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) to deliver an immersive mixed reality experience.

These headsets have the potential to revolutionise various industries, from gaming to education and industrial applications. In this section, we will explore what the future could hold for mixed reality headsets.

As technology advances, mixed reality headsets are expected to become more refined in design and capabilities. The current prototypes may evolve from resembling bulky goggles to sleek, lightweight wearables that offer a seamless blend of reality and digital information.

Apple, for instance, is rumoured to be working on a mixed reality headset that may undergo significant design changes before hitting the market.

One key advancement to look forward to is improved connectivity. With the roll-out of 5G networks, mixed reality headsets could benefit from dedicated 5G connectivity, enhancing their performance and user experience.

In fact, Forbes reports that around half of the consumers are interested in a mixed reality headset with 5G integration.

It’s crucial for mixed reality headsets to provide an engaging user experience, and VR and AR advancements play a significant role in achieving that. The development of realistic holographic overlays, as seen in Microsoft’s Hololens, will undoubtedly shape the future of mixed reality devices, allowing users to interact with digital information in a more natural and intuitive way.

Lastly, the software that powers mixed reality headsets is expected to become more sophisticated in the coming years. Operating systems specifically designed for these devices, such as Apple’s rumoured xrOS, will play an essential role in harmonising the virtual and real-world experiences offered by the headsets.

In summary, the future of mixed reality headsets looks promising with improvements in design, connectivity, user experience, and dedicated software. These enhancements will likely make these devices more appealing and practical for an ever-growing range of applications, from gaming to professional use.

Picture of Phil


I’m the resident head of comms and partnerships here at Draw & Code. I work on strategy, sales, marketing and other vital areas at a studio that was founded on a dream and has spent the intervening decade trying to make that dream come true. I believe that immersive and interactive technologies are impacting on our lives and being in the epicentre of this industry makes every day a thrill.

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